Hematite is a common iron oxide and found in many rocks and soils throughout the world. Hematite is an important iron ore.
Hematite can be found in a variety of forms from red and crusty to smooth, bubbly and black.
The name hematite is from the Greek word "haimatitis" which means "blood-red." That name stems from the color of hematite when it has been crushed to a fine powder. Primitive people discovered that hematite could be crushed and mixed with a liquid for use as a paint or cosmetic. Cave paintings dating back to 40,000 years ago were created with hematite pigments.