Sapphire is the gem variety of the mineral corundum and most people think of sapphires as blue but sapphire accounts for all colors EXCEPT ruby red. Classic blue sapphires contain iron and titanium, and trace elements of chromium can turn corundum pink, while more chromium turns it into a ruby.
Corundum is 9 on the Moh's scale of hardness and is a great choice for all types of jewelry.
Various ancient cultures have attributed magical powers to sapphires, including heavenly powers, truth, innocence, peace, and good health.
In ancient times it was believed that sapphires protected their wearers from evil. Because of the blue color, which they associated with the heavens, Europeans in the Middle Ages believed that sapphires cured eye diseases and preserved chastity, along with providing other heavenly blessings.
Sapphire is the birthstone for September and traditionally symbolizes nobility, truth and faithfulness.